Sai Baba`s discourse on Brahma-gnyan

Shirdi Sai Baba

As described in Chapter XVI & XVII of “Shri Sai Satcharita”, Sai Baba gave a rather long discourse on the subject, the purport of which is given below:
Qualifications for Brahma-gnyan or Self-realization
All persons do not see or realize the Brahma in their life time. Certain qualifications are absolutely necessary.
1. Mumukshu or intense desire to get free. He who thinks that, he is bound and that, he should get free from bondage and works earnestly and resolutely to that end and does not care for any other thing, is qualified for spiritual life.
2. Virakti or a feeling of non-attachment with the things of this world and the next. Unless a man feels disgusted with the things, emoluments and honours, which his actions would bring in this world and the next, he has no right to enter into the spiritual realm.
3. Antarmukha (introversion) Our senses have been created by God with a tendency to move outward and so, man always looks outward and not inward. He, who wants self-realization and immortal life, must turn his gaze inwards and look to his inner self.
4. Catharsis (eliminating all base ideas and emotions)-Unless a man has turned away from wickedness and stopped from doing wrong, and has entirely composed himself, and unless his mind is at rest, he can not gain self-realization even by means of knowledge.
5. Right conduct-Unless a man leads a life of truth, penance and insight, a life of celibacy, he can not get God-realization.
6. Preferring Shreyas (the good), to Preyas (the pleasant)-there are two sorts of things viz.the good and the pleasant; the former deals with spiritual affairs, and the latter with mundane matters. Both these are open to man for acceptance. He has to think and choose one of them. The wise man prefers the good to the pleasant, but the unwise through greed and attachment chooses the pleasant.
7. Control of the mind and the senses-The body is the chariot and the self is its master, intellect is the charioteer and the mind is the reins, the senses are the horses and sense-objects are their paths. He who has no understanding and whose mind is unrestrained, has his senses unmanageable like the stray horse of a charioteer does not reach his destination (get self realization), but goes through the round of births and deaths; but he who has understanding and whose mind is restrained, has his senses under control, like the good obedient horse of a charioteer, reaches the destination, i.e.the state of self realization, whence he is not born again. The man, who has understanding as his charioteer (guide) and is able to rein his mind, reaches the end of the journey, which is the supreme abode of the all-pervading, Vishnu (Lord).
8. Purification of the mind-Unless a man discharges satisfactorily and dis-interestedly the duties of his station in life, his mind will not be purified and unless his mind is purified he can not get self-realization. It is only in the purified mind that, Vivek (dis-attachment to the unreal) crop up lead on to self-realization. Unless egoism is dropped, avarice got rid of and the mind made desire less (pure), self-realization is not possible. The idea that “I am the body” is a great delusion and attachment to this idea is the cause of bondage. Leave off this idea and attachment therefore if you want to reach the goal of self-realization.
9. The necessity of a Guru-The knowledge of the self is so subtle and mystic that, no one can by his own individual effort ever hope to attain. So the help of another person-teacher, who has himself got self-realization, is absolutely necessary. What others can not give with great efforts and pains can be easily gained with the help of such a teacher, for he has walked on the path himself and can easily take the disciple step by step on the ladder of spiritual progress.
10. And lastly, grace of the Lord is the most essential thing. When the Lord is pleased with anybody, He gives him Viveka and Vairagya and takes him safe beyond the mundane existence.”The Self can not be gained by the study of Vedas, nor by intellect, nor by learning. He whom the self chooses gains it. To him the Self reveals its nature” says the Katha Upanishad.
Om Samartha Sadguru Sainath Maharaj Ki Jaya.
Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda


About drmcpanda

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda, M.B.B.S.,M.D. Date of Birth:29.02.1948 Retd. (29.02.2008) Chief District Medical Officer Bargarh Orissa India
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5 Responses to Sai Baba`s discourse on Brahma-gnyan

  1. drmcpanda says:

    Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda is a contributing author for the blogs of Sai Shraddha and Dhrti Yoga.The article ‘Sai Baba`s discourse on Brahma-gnyan’ was published in Sai Shraddha on April 10, 2010 and in Dhrti Yoga on April 19, 2010.

    The comment received and reply by the author in Dhrti Yoga are published here as noteworthy supplementary for readers and viewers of this blog:

    Comments posted by snigdha at June 20, 2010

    sir’baba told his devotees ‘dont think u r d body.take d holy name of god.i ll take back all ur sorrows’then why shud we adopt to yoga which gives us body consciousness.after all where is Sai baba`s moral teaching which can show light to so many people.dis site looks to me as a health site rather than our Sadguru’s site.

    Reply by author on June 21, 2010

    The article “Sai Baba`s discourse on Brahma-gnyan”has been written as described in Chapter XVI & XVII of “Shri Sai Satcharita” as mentioned in my article.The book “Shri Sai Satcharita” is a biography of Sai Baba written by ‘Hemadpant’ during his life time.In Chapter VII of “Shri Sai Satcharita” it is mentioned that “Baba knew all the processes and practices of Yoga.Two unique practices are described in detail in the book:1.Dhauti kriya 2.Khanda yoga.Sai Baba is addressed as ‘Yogiraja’ in the prayer by his devotees.As Yoga is a part of Sai Baba`s wonderful life;it has been published in Dhrti Yoga.

    Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda
    Author of the article
    Sai Baba`s discourse on Brahma-gnyan

  2. Dr. Madan Goyal says:

    Dear Dr. Panda,
    Pardon me for reacting the way I am reacting.

    I understand what is described above as follows:
    Mumukshu is freedom from all that leads us to do wrong things. Most commonly described things usually misguide us are Kama (Desire), Krodha (Anger), Lobha (Greed), Moha (Attachment), Ahankara (Arrogance). There are other reasons for us to do wrong things. We Should get a freedom from these.Virakti is not having Kama (Desire),Moha or attachment.

    Repeated births and deaths is probably :All people on this earth are moved by desires and above mentioned five faults usually dominate us to misguidance. In other words this world is overpowered by these faults. Anybody, who is not guided by these faults is above this common world, does not take birth, or have achieved the moksha. Scientifically our minds are conditioned in the past by common desires usually perused in this life. To be able to overcome this conditioning, to be able to think of overall good of earth, will give us a different Identity, Thoughts make us harmonize with universal “Glory, Wisdom & Power”.

    It is usually difficult to see a clear path without a “Guru”, don’t fully agree with the hypothesis. Sincerity, keenness, truthfulness etc. are basic virtues and usually lead us to the desired Realization.

    It is true that it is only God who decides who to shower with the Wisdom.

    Pardon me for behaving like a non-Devotee.

    Thanks & Regards
    Dr. Madan Goyal

  3. drmcpanda says:

    Dear Dr.Goyal,

    And lastly, grace of the Lord is the most essential thing.
    When the Lord is pleased with anybody, He gives him Viveka and Vairagya and takes him safe beyond the mundane existence.
    ”The Self can not be gained by the study of Vedas, nor by intellect, nor by learning.He whom the self chooses gains it. To him the Self reveals its nature”.

    N.B.It is not always desired by the author that each and every body will agree fully to his spiritual concept.

  4. Santhosh says:

    Always be careful about ‘Maya’, it is a layer between our heart and mind. Always our heart wants to instruct the mind, do this, do that, but the ‘Maya’ will avoid the communication, hence making it difficult to control our senses. To overcome this, just be chanting or remembering our Sai :), once Sai Sai is passed through the nerves, the barrier called ‘Maya’ will be vanished and the heart ( yourself ) takes the control of your senses, and this makes the path between you and Sai very clear, and the communication becomes very easy :); achieving the aim of our birth and the path to Moksha will be clear crystal :).

    Om Sai Ram 🙂

    San 🙂
    Santhosh KV

  5. Dr.Binod Bihari Naik says:

    Respected Sir,

    Through the link of your e-mail dated 8th January 2013, I came across the topic ‘Discourse of Sai Baba on Brahma-gnyan’ and experienced a lot for gate way to self-realization; the final objective of human birth. All creatures have law of Karma to discharge for completion of one birth to next as per doctrine of divine law unless or otherwise deviated by human being having dominating nature. Human being is the last creation till now to enter into Nirvana as per present cognition of God`s synthesis. Every creature is subjected to complete the 84 lakhs of wombs before to take the human birth for continuation of Divine drama of ephemeral world but nick is seen in human being to work indifferently and he wants to be Superman; as such he falls prey in the net and takes rebirth. Hence for correction and recognition of own nature Sai Baba`s discourse on Brahma-gnyan is mandatory to ages, because Sai Baba is the Sadguru (Superman) from his very birth with all potential of power to subdue or grace of life-cycle. So his 10 points of Brahma-gnyan are befitting to human being to become sublime stage by stage for self-realization in spite of many paths for Nirvana.

    Here I would like to put a Dictum:
    As you sow, so you reap and as you think, so you become. So why not enchant constantly God’s name to commune with Him, an easiest path in Kali-Yuga in this age of short life.

    Thanking You,
    Your Divine Brother
    Dr Binod Bihari Naik
    Bargarh Odisha

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