Effect of Yoga on Cardiorespiratory functions

With the increased incidence of disorders of cardiorespiratory functions mostly due to altered life style, the time has come for us to address these   without drug.  Physiologically, it is understood that certain yoga postures with controlled breathing regulates the blood circulation and functioning of heart and lungs. If such yoga practices are performed for a long period of time, it will have therapeutic effect on  functions of heart and lungs.

Almost none of us use the full capacity of our lungs.  The primary question is how one can regulate breathing process.  By training our body to breathe in a particular pattern, we can activate our autonomic system to use the new system of breathing. Yoga enhances relaxation to the bronchial functioning. Yoga also strengthens endurance, pain tolerance, and muscle tone. The asthmatics may be trained to relax their bronchus during an attack of asthma without using drugs. This procedure cuts the panic element in an attack so that one can turn the mind inwards to relax bronchus during an attack. In pranayama lungs are inflated to the maximum capacity and air pressure is increased in the lungs. This further leads to better oxygenation of the body which augments adequate release of chemicals in brain and endocrine glands. Heart beat also stabilizes because of breathing exercises mediated through autonomic nervous system.

Some of the Yoga practices recommended are;


1.      Padmasana.

2.      Bhujangasana.

3.      Parvatasana

4.      Sarvangasana.

5.      Savasana.

Surya Namaskar: This exercise increases the antioxidant properties in the human body. It is effective in improving blood circulation.


Nadisuddhi pranayama by alternate nostril breathing is effective against disorders of cardio-respiratory functions. Other types of pranayama technique like Bhramari also show positive impact to this effect.

Yoga Nidra:

Yoga Nidra is emerging as an excellent preventive and curative procedure in cardiovascular management. It induces a more relaxed mental attitude and emotional climate, enabling practitioners to successfully withstand the stresses of daily life. The deep muscular relaxation in Yoga Nidra has a significant and effective therapy producing both subjective and objective improvement in respiratory function disorders in asthma.

Special Yoga practices:

I.R.T. (Instant Relaxation Technique), Q.R.T. ( Quick Relaxation Technique ) and D.R.T. (Deep Relaxation Technique) have remarkable results in prevention of heart disease.

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda, M.B.B.S., M.D.

Yoga Practitioner

About drmcpanda

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda, M.B.B.S.,M.D. Date of Birth:29.02.1948 Retd. (29.02.2008) Chief District Medical Officer Bargarh Orissa India
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8 Responses to Effect of Yoga on Cardiorespiratory functions

  1. Vinod Varma says:

    Quite informative;
    I hope this would inspire many to explore yoga to address one of the most common health problem ‘cardio-respiratory disorder’ in modern life style.

  2. Well written article on yoga.

    Beneficial effects of yoga are tremendous;no doubt about that.

    Yoga and sports medicine is not a part of our routine curriculum at any stage in our medical colleges.

    Detailed authenticated studies regarding the effects either need documentation or need reviewed from existing literature.

    With your keen interest; you can further review the existing literature available on net to write a review article on the same.

    For masses, the information is sufficient that it is scientific & more physiological way to help ourselves in old age.

    Well done Dr. Panda.

  3. Prakash Padhan says:

    There is good effect of Yogaasanas & pranayama on our body.If these things said by experienced allopathic doctor like you;then certainly it is much valuable.

    We should adopt this cost free practice to prevent cardio-respiratory diseases which are now common in human body.

    Thanks a lot for giving information.
    I used to practice yogaasana;now I will add Yoganidra.
    With high regards.

  4. Chandra Kumar Panda says:


    I read out the recent article on different techniques of Yogaasana & how it is helpful to the life of a man so far his proper functioning of heart & lungs,breathing etc. are concerned.

    In this regard I do not understand that how you are able to grasp these things i.e. either from the study of medical science or from any of the teaching of yoga-ism.

    Deserve apology for the queries.

    • Dear Chandra,
      I have acquired the basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology of human body during my study of M.B.B.S.

      I learnt the theory and practice of yoga being a yoga practitioner since July 28,2009 by study of texts relating to yoga,practice of yoga in a yoga center under the guidance of qualified & trained yoga instructor and attending interactive sessions at SVYASA (Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana ) Yoga University Bangalore.

      For further details,you may read my article Swadhyaya of Yoga.

  5. Dr.Binod Bihari Naik says:

    Respected Dear Sir,

    I would like to view the article ‘Effect of Yoga on Cardio-respiratory functions’ in an esoteric aspect to make one hale & hearty. It deals with conditioning of body & mind complex to lead healthy life.Yoga is the first evolutionary science explained by Indian Rishis & Seers for maintenance of health which showed way for common people as an easy and independent way to induce and apply in life. But one should remember sincerity and discipline in practice of yoga are of paramount importance otherwise it will be alike to one digs a dug falls in the same. It is a must to maintain regularity to pluck its fruit.

    For essential Hatha Yoga, cardio-respiratory systems (Heart & Lungs) hold key role to imbibe oxygen from atmosphere & circulate to tinniest unit of body for creation of energy like daily watering at the root to growth of a tree. The dictum: No oxygen no life is not real in metaphysics, but however oxygen as the true vehicle of cosmic energy (prana) into the body is still an inquisitive enigma for generation to study. The therapeutic effect of yoga on heart & lungs conditioned by asanas tuned by pranayama added by proper diet is unbelievable by layman.

    The mind-body complex is more controlled by meditation,last but not the least; Namaswaranam is the easiest method in Kali-Yuga for health & emancipation.

    Thanking You,
    Your divine brother
    Dr.Binod Bihari Naik
    Sr. Surgery Consultant
    Bargarh Odisha

  6. Barun Pani says:

    Mahesh babu,

    I have a cardiologist friend who is working on a research project on efficacy of yoga on cardiovascular as a treatment option. He has been working on this full time for years. Yoga is very well accepted in western society.

    Barun Pani
    Ridgeland,Mississippi,United States

  7. Dhandapani Muthuswamy says:

    I read your article and responses on Effect of Yoga on Cardiorespiratory functions. Super ji.

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