Pranayama in Yoga practice

Prana means life, breath, respiration, vitality or energy. Ayama means length, expansion, stretching or restraint. Pranayama thus connotes expansion, restraint and stretching of breath. In practice of pranayama inhalation, exhalation and holding of breath represent stimulation, calmness and stillness respectively.

After initiation to asana and coordination of breath with the body posture, one can move ahead with pranayama.

Pranayama in yoga practice:

1. Vitalizing: Kapalbhati
2. Cooling: Sheetali
3. Balancing: Nadi Shodhana
4. Psychic: Ujjayi
5. Tranquillizing: Bhramari

Effect of pranayama:

In pranayama lungs are inflated to the maximum capacity and air pressure is increased in the lungs. This further leads to better oxygenation of the body which augments adequate release of chemicals in brain and endocrine glands. Heart beat also stabilizes because of breathing exercises mediated through autonomic nervous system.

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda, M.B.B.S., M.D.
Yoga Practitioner

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About drmcpanda

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda Date of Birth:29.02.1948 Qualification:M.B.B.S.,M.D. Retd. (29.02.2008) Chief District Medical Officer Bargarh Orissa India
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14 Responses to Pranayama in Yoga practice

  1. The readers and yoga practitioners may refer the books of ‘Light on Yoga’ and ‘Light on Pranayama’ authored by B K S Iyengar to know details of ‘Pranayama in Yoga practice’. I do refer the Pranayama part of the book ‘Light on Yoga’ & the Theory, Art and Techniques sections of the book ‘Light on Pranayama’ as a yoga practitioner.

  2. Vinod Varma says:

    I think most health problems have their root in irregular movement of prana. Regulating prana, as defined by sages, can help us lead a better quality life. Key is to get guidance and mentorship of practitioners so that we can do it the right way.

    I believe this article will motivate many to spare a little time in their daily life to yoga practice like pranayama to improve quality of their own life.

  3. Full capacity of breathing in an individual is far more than the routine breathing. It can be increased at the time of increased demand during physical exercise and other situations. Breathing is spontaneously controlled by brain and harmoniously associated with heart beating.While breathing can be consciously controlled, heart beat cannot be consciously changed.There is indirect control on heart beat through breathing exercises.Lungs and heart have huge capacity and it can further be increased by breathing exercises.

    Our ancient rishis had this knowledge and this was practised in the form of pranayama.

    People can take lot of benefit by pranayama.
    Well said.

  4. V.Nageswara Rao says:

    Dear Sir,
    Namaskar.
    Thanks a lot for very nice and useful article on Pranayama.

    Though I know about Pranayama and practicing the same,through this article I got much clarity about the details of Pranayama;Its Practice and Benefits.

    I will definitely make it practice regularly and also try to motivate some more persons about the usage and benefits of Pranayama.

    With Regards,
    Nageswara Rao

  5. drppanda says:

    Thanks for describing Pranayama.

  6. Thank you for informing meaning, type and effect of pranayama and for mentioning reference book.

  7. Dear Sir,
    It is one of the best article.

    The practice of pranayama is badly necessary presently,because everybody knows the evils of present society.I can say present life style, food habits are the root causes of the epidemic like diabetes, blood pressure, heart problem, kidney failure etc. Thus Pranayama is the only way which can protect us from this epidemic.

    Thus your recent topic in Pranayama definitely is a noble inspiration for present society.

  8. Pranam Dr.Panda Sir,

    Very Nice Presentation regarding Pranayama.
    I think one can understand elaborately by following up this short description.

    Gyana Ranjan Mohanty

  9. In the article Pranayamas posted in the blog of dhrti yoga, Satya madam Director Dhrti Yoga has mentioned:

    You can begin with yogic breathing and samavritti pranayama; observing inhalation and exhalation, the interrelationship and changes in the proportion; getting better for practices like kapalbhati, nadi shodhana, bhramari.

  10. Aaron Gray says:

    I think this will be handy for me when I need to calm the hell down at work.

  11. Dr. Binod Bihari Naik says:

    Pranayama in Yoga & Spirituality is a wing for stability of body & mind to realise & prepare self for consciousness of soul for liberation to march & mingle in cosmic soul. By this process the vital sheath takes the prime role to imbibe the cosmic energy for entire sheaths & oxygen for annamaya sheath – first & basic sheath for staging the drama of Almighty – A process of reaction , reflection & resound of vital energy that is action of God from cosmic soul to individual soul.As such Pranayama makes Body healthy & sound, Mind alert & recipient , Intellect analytic & progressive; but beyond capacity subdues I ( Ego ) easily.

    Hence Sir, I would like to add in between an easiest path that is incessant namaswaran of own God in the stage of ecstasy in this kaliyuga . It is possible for any human being at any place , at any time beyond discretion of caste , creed , cult & religion.

    Thanking you,
    Yours Sincerely
    Dr.B.B.Naik

  12. Sudhir Sahu says:

    Dear Sir,
    It is a very nice article on Pranayama.

    All the problem of mankind is solved only by the great investigation of Atharva and Angirasa that is Pranayama. They investigated for a long time and declared, Do not be worried about your problem, we have discovered the solution of all, that is Pranayama. Actually Prana does not mean breathing – but many understand it as same. Prana means force or energy , by which we inhale air into our body and exhale air to the external world, that energy or force is called Prana. So, what does it mean by Pranayama? It is understood the Prana as the energy and Ayam as rhythmic flow. So, Pranayama means controlling the flow of Prana. Details will be found in the Book-The Supreme Science of Human beings-PRANAYAMA written by Yoga Teacher Prabhu Saranagata Ananda (Institute of Science and Tech of Yoga, Kadalipali, Barpali).

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