Swadhyaya of Gita

Often, I indulge in what I call Swadhyaya of Gita. I recite it for a number of days over and over again, sometimes in a serial mode chapter wise and verse wise; and sometimes selectively a verse from hither and thither. I have been in such practice of reading Gita for more than two decades with commentaries by various comment authors.

Very often, I use to recite and read chapter II verse 47 of ‘The Bhagavadgita’ with Sanskrit Text, English Translation and Notes by S. Radhakrishnan as follows:

karmany eva ‘dhikaras te
ma phalesu kadacasana
ma karmaphalahetur bhur
ma te sango ‘stv akarmani

To action alone hast thou a right and never at all to its fruits; let not the fruits of action be thy motive; neither let there be in thee any attachment to inaction.

This famous verse contains the essential principle of disinterestedness. When we do our work, plough or paint, sing or think, we will be deflected from disinterestedness, if we think of fame or income or any such extraneous consideration. Nothing matters except the good will, the willing fulfilment of the purpose of God. Success or failure does not depend on the individual but on other factors as well. Giordano Bruno says: “I have fought that is much, victory is in the hands of fate.”

The recital of Bhagavad Gita, day after day, produces faith that I am on the right path and generates enthusiasm to translate its message into action.By reading the Gita again and again, the words begin to grow in meaning; the repetition of some appealing verse transforms the mind and spirit. By reciting the Gita again and again, I have become more tolerant and patient in facing odd situations; more so I have developed the strength of compassion and generosity in my heart and mind.

Swadhyaya of Gita has taught me: “Be raised by self alone; for self alone is self`s true friend. The self who has conquered self, that alone is the friend of self”.

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda

About drmcpanda

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda, M.B.B.S.,M.D. Date of Birth:29.02.1948 Retd. (29.02.2008) Chief District Medical Officer Bargarh Orissa India
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11 Responses to Swadhyaya of Gita

  1. Vinod Varma says:

    Thanks Doctor, for highlighting the actual meaning of these verses.

    We see disinterestedness being attributed to action and therefore, many casual interpretations suggest inaction and lethargy.

    Lord Krishna has not advocated inaction but was a strong advocate of action and has been always in the midst of action. Further, He has categorically said that one cannot sit even a moment without action. It is not so much action but rather mind clinging to result is the problem.

    Action is important just as Gandhiji showed through his life. Freedom struggle through non-violent means was unheard of, till Indian Independence struggle. It is self-less efforts of many such patriots that gave us freedom that we take for granted. That is, many of them sacrificed their life to give us freedom that they could not enjoy .. if they thought whether it was possible, or if what they get out of it, we would still have been a colony. They believed in their goal, and worked towards it though they were not beneficiary. I take this opportunity to pay tributes to those millions who sacrificed their life for our beloved nation.

  2. Dr.Binod Bihari Naik says:

    Respected Sir,

    Your topic Swadhyaya of Gita, released on Doctor`s day is a best influencing bonanza to me. It made my body pause & mind silence till an inner voice reflected intellect and that subdued my ego that treating every patient sincerely & meticulously with all possible ways & means cures him but it is God who cures the patients. Happiness of patients is manifestated with love towards God, because God is the final authority of all creations of universe; however human creation has been blessed with certain relaxation to decide his own fortune to go to Heaven or Hell. It depends upon his cumulative actions of past & present for present &future respectively. Hence one needs self-study to stream line own life, better adhered to Epic Gita-Conversation between Lord Krishna (cosmic soul) &His friend Arjuna (individual receptive soul).

    The version 2-47 in Gita depicts as follows.
    1.Human being is ascertained and bound to discharge duties assigned to him.
    2.But he should not hope to enjoy the same.
    3.Hence to understand to remain away from result.
    4.Nevertheless should not be abstinent for action otherwise will be prey to dullness & proceed to Hell.

    Imagine how it is simple for salvation, but too difficult in practical life; still one should never forget for extra bonus as human birth for modulation and transformation of life by study of Gita again & again.

    Last but not the least I opine education has no value without practice and practice has no value without love towards God. Hence my earnest request to newer generation that they should have an inseparable bond of love with God.

    This is my learning curve and feedback.
    Thanking You,
    Your divine brother
    Dr.Binod Bihari Naik
    Sr.Surgery Consultant
    Bargarh Odisha

  3. SriVee says:

    “Be raised by self alone; for self alone is self`s true friend.
    The self who has conquered self, that alone is the friend of self”.

    Awe inspiring words! This resonates the true essence of KrShna’s Great words.

    It’s like a nut shell and am sure it would definitely initiate thinking process for many who won’t know that this small quote (as small a nut’s shell) could actually explain a greater aspect and the real nature of a soul, it’s inherent relationship with the supreme….

  4. Prakash Padhan says:

    Swadhyaya is an important activity mentioned in Ashtanga Yoga. As Bhagbat GITA is the most sacred book, every Indian should read this book.

    Purport of Gita slokas are different as described by different authors.Many men,many mind. Mahatma Gandhi took concept like “non-violence”from GITA only. He used to do prayer of “Sthitaprangya”(last 18 slokas of chapter-2of Gita) in Sabarmati Ashram. Gandhiji has written “Gitabodh” which is an excellent book.So GITA is infinite knowledge of ocean, it’s more relevent in present time.

    I have translated slokas of Gita in Kosli dialect. This book is available in various libraries and market of Odisha.

  5. Doing something and worrying for its result are two different mental functions. Worrying decreases the efficiency of work. Repetition helps reinforce the same thought, which if positive elevates the person’s stature.

  6. Nageswara Rao says:

    Dear Sir,

    ‘Swadhyaya of Gita’ is an Universal Article among many of your articles published.

    Happy to know your regular reading of Bhagwadgita with Practice of the Learnings and the Peace you have gained. Though I have not yet read the Bhagwadgita since long, from this artcle I have learnt that “Self alone is Self’s True Friend and that alone is the Friend of Self”.

    Thanking You,
    With Regards
    Bhubaneswar Odisha

  7. Chandra Kumar Panda says:

    Om Sri Sainathaya Namah

    Sir, it is needless to say that the article “Swadhyaya of Gita ” is a commendable one. Regarding the benefit of adhyayaing Gita is inexpressible.

    The Gita,the holy Grantha for the Hindus is ‘Mahan’ which describes not only the katha between Arjuna (Partha) and Sri Krishna (the God); it is the story between Nyaya & Anyaya (legal and illegal), Sat and Asat (True and Untrue),the living and non-living; and what not !

    You will be glad to know that I am in the habit of reading the Gita daily over and above the ‘Bishnu Sahasranama’ and ‘Saisatcharita’ either in the morning or evening as per the permission of the time and the process has been started around last 20 days. I think, there is no other such spiritual Grantha like Gita which teaches men to follow the path through which one can attain the path of Dharma leaving beside the path of Adharma, if truly followed.

    Sir, in the long run I have nothing to pen more except paying homage to your culturing of different Sastras.
    Yours Sincerely,
    Chandra Kumar Panda

  8. Madhusudan Mahunta says:

    Dear Sir,

    Your description on ‘Swadhyaya of Gita’ is very excellent and nice. Specially your philosophy, thought and experience reflected in the last para i.e. “Be raised by self alone; for self alone is self`s true friend. The self who has conquered self, that alone is the friend of self” is realistic and learning for all.

    Your patience,perseverance and purity will lead you to achieve the goal in the last part of your life.

    Thanking You,
    Madhusudan Mahunta
    Retd.B.E.E., C.H.C.Sohela
    Bargarh Odisha

  9. Kedarnath Sahu says:

    Respected Sir,

    It is really a nice article. As we know a few people experiment on Gita and they get a little knowledge as a drop of water fom an Ocean.

    Sir,in Sambalpuri ( Regional Language of Western Odisha )there is a quotation: “Khaibu Pita:Gaibu Gita (Eat Bitter and Read Gita )”.

    Yours Loving,
    Prakriti Bandhu Kedarnath Sahu
    Teacher,Sohela Bargarh Odisha

  10. Jesse Mullison says:

    It’s excellent as your other articles : Dr.,thanks for putting up.
    “To be at peace with ourselves we need to know ourselves.” by Caitlin Matthews.

  11. Dhandapani Muthuswamy says:

    Dear Dr Pandaji,
    I like your article and responses on Swadhyaya of Gita.

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