Five Koshas of Human Existence in Yoga Psychology

From the yogic point of view, the body/energy/mind complex is divided into five parts, the grossest being the physical body, the next being the energy body, the next the mental body, then the wisdom body and finally at the finest level, the bliss body. Each of these five is known in Sanskrit as a kosha. The koshas are the sheaths or dimensions of human existence.

The five koshas of human existence in yoga psychology are:
Physical body- Annamaya kosha
Energy body- Pranamaya kosha
Mental body- Manomaya kosha
Wisdom body- Vijnanamaya kosha
Bliss body- Anandamaya kosha

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda


About drmcpanda

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda, M.B.B.S.,M.D. Date of Birth:29.02.1948 Retd. (29.02.2008) Chief District Medical Officer Bargarh Orissa India
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8 Responses to Five Koshas of Human Existence in Yoga Psychology

  1. I have referred the book ‘Practical Yoga Psychology’ authored by Dr Rishi Vivekananda of Bihar School of Yoga, Munger Bihar India in drafting the article ‘Five Koshas of Human Existence in Yoga Psychology’.

  2. Human body, metabolism, mind, wisdom and pleasure are explained in different books and languages in many ways. Yoga has its own nomenclature like different sciences. Aim is to understand the massage conveyed in the text. Any study is useful if positive massage is understood and followed.

  3. Vinod Varma says:

    We tend to identify ourselves with our body while our true self is more than just that. Bodily existence undergoes transformation but true self remains the same (ajo nithyah saasvatho/yam puraano na hanyathe hanyamaane sareere). We identify ourselves with other layers as well. For example, when we talk about our knowledge, often we are talking about ourselves in the layer of wisdom. Yet we realize our true self is not bound by any of these but we identify ourselves as encased in these (panchakoshaantharasthithah).

  4. Dr.Binod Bihari Naik says:

    Respected Sir,

    The Topic ‘Five Koshas of Human Existence in Yoga Psychology’ described by you is of paramount importance and endowed with very significant hints to smell & experience for a yoga aspirant, particularly and categorically to a beginner; for without its basic idea the way in yoga life is ambiguous and futile. It is the foundation knowledge that each kosha is related to components of universal body for exchange or to imbibe of cosmic aid for sustenance as human being (Yogic Man).

    On the eve of Nuakhai-Bhet of Western Odisha I stop with a Dictum as follows:
    “Oh: Modern man, even if you are modulated and swayed by techno-crafts; Don`t forget you are inherent from ancient aesthetics.Hence be escaped from trick of Technology and transfer and transgress yourself to achieve the goal of life that is Liberation.”

    Thanking You,
    Your Divine Brother
    Dr.Binod Bihari Naik
    Bargarh Odisha

  5. Prakash Padhan says:

    I think all koshas exist in our material body.I am not the body,I have a body.

  6. V Nageswar Rao says:

    Dear Sir,

    Very Nice and Meaningful Article.Thank You Very Much to make me aware about the five koshas of human existence in yoga psychology.

    Nuakhai Juhar
    With Regards,
    Bhubaneswar Odisha

  7. Chandra Kumar Panda says:

    Om Shri Sainathaya Namah

    Regarding the above article I am of the opinion that really I don’t have any idea regarding that Kosha which you have described. This much I know as read partly science that human body is comprised of Cells. So it is a learning of lesson to cultivate more & more.

    Yours Sincerely
    Chandra Kumar Panda

  8. Rajesh Kumar Panda says:

    Respected Dear Kaka,
    I do really admire your sincerity towards the people at large and mostly Sadguru Saibaba.
    Yours lovingly,

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