Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda in Human Life

Karma Kanda or action portion in human life is the path of pravritti. Pravritti means ‘going towards’: which refers to all actions towards attaining security, peace and happiness in the external world. The Brahmacharya and Grihasthashrama stages of life are the two parts of karma kanda in human life.

Jnana Kanda or pursuit of Self-realisation in human life is the path of nivritti. Nivritti means ‘getting away’: which refers to all actions aimed at avoiding insecurity, mental disturbances and sorrow. The Vanaprastha and Sannyasa stages of life are the parts of jnana kanda in human life.

There are a few rare people who find that their mind is already prepared and they want to devote themselves exclusively to the Pursuit of Knowledge of the Reality right from the stage of Brahmacharya and adopt Sannyasa in their youth itself.

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda


About drmcpanda

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda, M.B.B.S.,M.D. Date of Birth:29.02.1948 Retd. (29.02.2008) Chief District Medical Officer Bargarh Orissa India
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8 Responses to Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda in Human Life

  1. Vinod Varma says:

    As Lord Krishna says in Gita, (na hi kaschith kshanamapi jaathu thistathyakarmakrith karyathe hyavasah karma sarvah prakrtijair gunaih), it is not possible for any being not to act. At the core of suffering is not the action but the delusion that I am the actor, I am the sufferer, This delusion is founded on, and nurtured by, ego. On true realization, ego vanishes and so does delusion and consequent suffering.

  2. There appears to be some confusion about the stages in life, Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda. Stages of life are primarily divided on usual duties of person. First stage has been named ‘Brahmcharya’ because person is unmarried and primarily developing and learning. Second stage called Grihastha is mostly married life and studded with corresponding responsibilities. Third stage Vanprastha is transformation stage from Grihastha to Sanyas. Sanyas is mostly detachment from primary responsibilities and introspection of past life, analysis, deriving lessons and passing it on to next generation.

    Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda are two different concepts from stages of life though are interrelated. Karma Kanda means responsibility to work or act. Work is worship. Work has to be done as worship, in best possible way, but one should not be concerned about result of that work. As the person worships in best possible way but can’t be sure of its fruits same attitude has to be adopted about work. Human life and everything that exists in this universe is because partly of actions of biological entities, besides because of many other extremely complicated phenomena. Person has right over his actions only, which he should perform in best possible way. Jnana Kanda is generation of knowledge out of this action like ‘Samudra Manthan . Generation of knowledge is partly a scientific process of experiment, observation, analysis and inference. Partly it is simply experience or ‘Practice makes a man perfect’. Various stages of life are a different mix of these two Karma and Jnana Kanda.

    Detachment is a state of mind and should be understood early in life to be able to perform in best possible way. Sanyasa is the stage when conditions are more conducive to detachment. Detachment is detaching emotions from action, action and emotions from result. This is absolutely a scientific lesson taught in spiritual way.

  3. Chandra Kumar Panda says:

    Om Sri Sai Nathaya Namah

    Your Article regarding Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda in Human Life indicates that how far the human being is developed both mentally and psychologically to adopt and realise the stages & course of work that is to bee undertaken most perfectly and to the best of satisfaction so that he can attain peace, tranquility in the mortal body. Sir so far my knowledge is concerned, we are born with the physique not for the interest of our own body but for the interest of others. Then only the body will be a Sarthaka one.

    Yours Sincerely
    Chandra Kumar Panda

  4. Dr.Binod Bihari Naik says:

    Respected Sir,

    Human being is the analyzer of creation & creator hence there is question of karma kanda and jnana (gyana) kanda in the field of Yoga & Spirituality; but it is needless to say in other species, those are prompter in surrendering to the will of creator. Then why so in former case,it is only explainable that he is nearer to God. But very often man demands to be superior to God by virtue of improper use of karma kanda & gyana kanda when he is graded below the range of animal. That`s why I mean human has three wings such as hands for karma kanda , head for gyana kanda and heart for in-between to balance the two and stabilizes the body, mind and spirit and connects his own atma to paramatma in all four stages of life. This is called real Humanity.

    My dictum-Human serves Man & God serves Human; then be a Human.

    Thanking You,
    Your Divine Brother
    Dr Binod Bihari Naik
    Bargarh Odisha

  5. Prakash Padhan says:

    Nice to see your article. 4 stages are divided into Karma kanda & Jnana kanda. Can we say karma kanda is karma yoga and jnana kanda is jnana(sanyasa) yoga…

  6. Sir,

    Really after a brief discussion with you by cellphone, I feel guilty myself for late comment. Sir after talking with you, I knew the educational achievement of you, starting from Class Three to M.B.B.S. in the manner of Morning shows the Day; your journey of life begins from Gaisilat of Bargarh district as recipient of L.P.Scholarship, U.P.Scholarship, M.E.Scholarship,Ranked in Best Tenth at Matric as well as National Scholarship and I was surprised to listen about your self achievement. It really inspired me & I realized myself that you ultimately proved yourself as a Great Personality in the society.

    In this article the two words ‘going towards’ and ‘getting away’ denote the Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda which you have also experimented in your life. I feel proud myself to talk with you and also feel relaxed when writing comments on your article. Through your articles we get the blessings of you. Karma is at that time pure when we acquire the jnana which is also the way of life. The Bhagbat Geeta says,”Karmanye badhikaraste maa falesu kadachana”…

    Kedarnath Sahu
    Science Teacher
    Sohela,Bargarh Odisha

  7. V Nageswar Rao says:

    Dear Sir,

    Happy to see and read your articles regularly and sorry for not able to post the comments timely due to busy nature of job. However, this article Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda in Human Life is really amazing and to know more about these two kandas.

    In Sai Satcharitha it is clearly mentioned that “Any person can get peace after death only and not at all till alive”. It is also clearly mentioned in Bhagwat-gita that “Every human being once born means definitely dies and died means definitely to be born; it’s very common and no need to worry for this cycle”. But getting Peace during living and after death depends on the Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda. Definitely these two are Self Realization and Moksham.

    With Regards,
    Bhubaneswar, Odisha

  8. Comments on the article ‘Karma Kanda and Jnana Kanda in Human Life’ are very much to the point.Nice reading.

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