Knowledge and Understanding of Gunas for Self-realization

The first step towards Self-realization is to understand the gunas. The functions of our mind and body are regulated by three gunas i.e. sattva, rajas, and tamas. The three gunas have innumerable permutations and combinations to constitute the personality of a person, and this is the reason why every person is different and reacts to different situations differently.

Sattva guna is characterized by happiness, bliss and knowledge, and makes us kind, considerate, and helpful to others; rajas is passion, attachment, and restlessness, which makes us egoistic, self-centred, and pleasure-seeking; tamas is darkness, ignorance, and delusive, making us wicked, lazy, and confused. Depending upon which guna predominates at each stage or in every situation of life, we act and are judged by others accordingly. When rajas and tamas predominate, we find it difficult to work towards Self-realization. Most of the time we are so engrossed in our own lives that we do not even make an effort to understand how the gunas shape our personality; leave aside working towards improving our situation.

The easier way to cultivate sattva guna is doing good to others. Doing good attenuates selfishness and makes us more selfless. We need to make an effort to do good to others as part of our nature. If one believes in supreme consciousness or God, one can perform sincere spiritual practices like praying for others. Offering the fruits of all our work to God slowly releases us from the chains of cause and effect. Once a person has conviction in the existence of supreme consciousness or God, it becomes the guide. Then, with time, one finds oneself surrounded by conditions that are conducive towards the development of sattva guna.

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda


About drmcpanda

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda, M.B.B.S.,M.D. Date of Birth:29.02.1948 Retd. (29.02.2008) Chief District Medical Officer Bargarh Orissa India
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14 Responses to Knowledge and Understanding of Gunas for Self-realization

  1. Madan Goyal says:

    Thanks for elaboration. The personality of a person evolves over the time, formation of which starts with the conception and genetic constitution of person. With efforts one change somewhat, but a significant component is decided by heritage. One should make efforts to be as truthful or oriented to satoguna. Enjoying living this life is important but one should be beneficial to society as well.

  2. Respected Sir,

    Thanks for your vivid collaborative description & interrelation of gunas to those selves to uphold the individual consciousness to stage the activity of own nature with no botheration to supreme direction. Hence human-being is designated in society as Tamasic-man, Rajasic-man,and Satwic-man. Three types of men are different, no doubt but the in-dweller is one and the same & unique in all as that of ornaments are many but all are made of same gold but are showing different views. Then here question arises who is the maker of ornaments; the answer is blacksmith. Then human creation as that of gold crated ornament depends upon own receptivity to GOD`s grace. Accordingly as per intense prayer and other spiritual practices he can enhance his body-power, mind-setting, and engages intellect to hold at-least the cripes of Almighty. So as bestowed by own judgement man from birth has used to march forward to shape as human-beings to the end of his life to fulfill the GOD`s task.

    Best Wishes
    Your Divine Brother
    Dr.Binod Bihari Naik
    Bargarh Odisha

  3. Santhosh says:

    Dear Uncle,
    Om Sai Ram.

    Aamzing description about the 3 Gunas. One has to improvise the Satva Guna and help others also to improve the Satva Guna in them. May Lord Sai bless everyone with the true knowledge to differentiate the Gunas and help us to develop Satva Guna.

    Om Sai Ram.
    Thank You.
    Santhosh KV

  4. Kedarnath Sahu says:

    Respected Sir,

    A nice article about human behaviour. The gunas identify the personality of human being known by the people as satwa, rajo and tama. To be a good human being it should be acquired properly. The moral of the people is designed by it. A meaningful article to aware people about their real life style.

  5. Deepak Sahu says:

    Dear Sir,

    I read your article “Knowledge and Understanding of Gunas for Self-realization” the descriptions regarding three gunas like sattva, rajas, and tamas nicely. Among all three gunas Sattva guna is best guna by which we lead our life safely, honestly and smoothly. However your teaching about gunas are very helpful and guide us in a right path.

    Yours Sincerely
    Deepak Sahu
    DEO, Govt Hospital Padampur

  6. Madhusudan Mahunta says:

    Dear Sir,

    I read your article “Knowledge and Understanding of Gunas for Self-realization” these three gunas are found in the world in different people and vary from person to person. Sattva guna stands for purity which is found in Prabhu Rama Chandra, Rajas guna / Rajasika guna are found in Ravana and Duryodhana, Tamasika guna is the worst guna in the life which was found in Rushi Durbasa. Your description about three gunas are helpful for human life. Many Many Thanks for your culture, thought and depth of your knowledge about description of gunas in your article. I hope you will continue to write such type of article in future for human society.

    Yours Sincerely
    Sri Madhusudan Mahunta
    Retd.BEE, Sohela
    Bargarh, Odisha

  7. Vinod Varma says:

    Thanks Sir, for this excellent description of Gunas and their role in self actualization. World is largely immersed in Tamo and Rajo guna and it is important to lift oneself into Satva guna and finally transcend it all to reach self realization which is possible only with divine benevolence but one should enrich oneself with Satva guna to deserve that divine benevolence.

  8. Prakash Padhan says:

    Self-realization alone is GOD-realization. In chapter 17th of Bhagvat Gita Lord Krishna says-Sattva guna and sattvik ahar is best. Self-realization to practice sattva guna in behaviour is our need. Because many noble things are not in my practice; Thanks for showing me way to acquire sattva guna.

  9. Yes i read one article u describe about Guna, really it is nice one.

  10. V Nageswara Rao says:

    Dear Sir,

    Well Written and Nicely Elaborated regarding the Understanding of Gunas for Self Realization.

    Presently I am realizing the loneliness with each and every moment I have spent with my Wife Sujata, due to her sudden demises/expired on 19th December 2013 early morning due to massive cardiac attack. She slept with happiness on 18th December night after dinner and by 19th morning, no response while I tried to get up her at early morning 6.30am. She Passed urine in her cot and down the earth. The Funeral/Cremation held at Swargadwar, Puri on early hours of 20th December 2013 . All the Rituals going on as per the Hindu tradition.Praying for the soul to rest in peace.

    Thanking You.
    With Regards,
    V.Nageswar Rao
    Bhubaneswar, Odisha

  11. Umesh says:

    Respected Brother,

    Gunas namely sattva, rajas and tamas are generated from the food we take daily and the mind is created accordingly. When mind is controlled then everything will be controlled in the world and when we think and realise that all the creatures are the forms of supreme power and gift of the God then only our gunas and the supermind will be automatically controlled.

    Yours Sincerely

  12. Purnima Panda says:

    Pranam kaka,

    The elaborate description of the article about significance of Gunas contain a moral message of self-analysis. These three Gunas are present within every human being. Sattva Guna stands for purity, without the presence of one other value remains screened. All we have to do that to develop Sattva Guna by suppressing the worst and evil Gunas; and for all that we need self-realization and self-analysis.

  13. Antonia Halliday says:

    I am not certain the place you are getting your info, however great topic.I need to spend some time studying more or working out more.Thanks for magnificent information I was in search of this info for my mission.

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