Padmasana or Lotus pose is a cross-legged yoga posture which helps deepen meditation by calming the mind. The asana is said to resemble a lotus, to encourage proper breathing for pranayama and meditative practice, and to foster physical stability. Padmasana is one of the most relaxing poses of yogasana after the initial knee pains due to bending of knees have been overcome. The body being in a sitting posture, it is at rest without being sloppy. The position of the cross legs and the erect back keeps the mind attentive and alert. Hence it is one of the asanas recommended for practising pranayama (breath control). When sitting in padmasana, the yoga practitioner can deepen meditation further by incorporating either Chin mudra, Chinmay mudra, Adi mudra or Bhrama mudra.
Those without sufficient flexibility to place both knees on the ground when in full lotus position should not use it, as it strains the knees and lower back. Sciatica or osteoarthritis of knees is contra-indications to attempting padmasana. On physical level, padmasana or lotus pose is good for preventing stiffness in the knees and ankles. Since the blood is made to circulate in the lumbar region and the abdomen, the spine and abdominal organs are toned. Padmasana improves digestion, reduces muscular tension, brings blood pressure under control and relaxes the mind.
Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda