Makarasana or Crocodile pose is a yoga asana used for relaxation. In Sanskrit, ‘Makar’ means crocodile and ‘Asana’ means a pose. Makarasana is a yogic pose useful for people with back and shoulder problems. Makarasana is generally practiced after the practice of asanas from the prone position as it is itself an asana from the prone position. Therefore it is easier to come into if one is already in the prone position.
Lie down on the abdomen with feet wide apart, heels touching the ground and facing each other. Bend both the elbows and place the right palm on the left shoulder and the left palm on the right shoulder. Rest the chin at the point where the forearms cross each other. One may gently close the eyes for adequate relaxation in prone posture.
This asana can be done as a relaxation pose between other asanas or it can be practiced directly when one is tired. The yoga practitioner can be in this pose for a prolonged period of time if tired and needs to relax for a longer period of time. Makarasana gives deep relaxation to the shoulders and the spine. It relaxes the muscles which lead to a decrease in the demand for blood and oxygen, giving the circulatory and respiratory systems a break. Beneficial for all stress related ailments, it has therapeutic effect on normalizing high blood pressure, fatigue, anxiety and insomnia.
Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda