Bhujanga means Cobra in Sanskrit. When this pose is exhibited, the raised head and trunk resemble the raised hood of a cobra. Hence this is called Bhujangasana.
In this position the pressure is felt on the arms and hands as well as the lower back. Over time this pressure can gradually be placed more on to the lower back. One should try to raise the body up with the help of the spine. Once the final position is attained the arms are straight, the chest is forward and open, the shoulders and neck are back and the heels are together. The neck is compressed and the throat is stretched. The facial muscles should be relaxed. The breathing should be normal.
Bhujangasana is a yogic exercise that helps relieve back pain and is very good for people who have lower backache. Even the cases of slip disc get helped and the yoga practitioner would probably get rid of his back problems completely if he does this regularly. This posture helps reduce stiffness in the lower back of the person and strengthens the arms and shoulders as well. It also helps relieve the stress and fatigue. It helps women in coping with menstrual irregularities, as it tones up the uterine muscles and ovaries. It provides benefits to liver and other related organs. It helps reduce acute gas troubles if this asana is done regularly. Bhujangasana helps strengthen the spine and stretch the chest, abdomen, shoulders as well as helps in firming the belly also.
Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda