Analysis of Practice of Karma, Jnana and Bhakti Yoga

The Bhagavad Gita is the essence of the teachings of the Upanishads and, in simple terms, Lord Krishna explains the way to salvation through the paths of Karma, Jnana and Bhakti Yoga. The first six chapters of Bhagavad Gita are devoted to the exposition of the method of Self-realisation through Karma Yoga and Jnana yoga. The second set of six chapters deals with Bhakti Yoga and states that the object of Bhakti is God. The third set sums up and clarifies the essence of what was earlier explained. The three paths of Karma, Jnana and Bhakti Yoga are intimately intermixed to generate various paths with varying resultant paths which are suitable for different types of personalities or stages in life. Moksha is probably the complete satisfaction after which there is no desire to know or achieve physically in life. As per Lord Krishna one can achieve moksha in all three ways.

Karma is required to be done physically. So, all acts, requiring primarily physical execution are dealt in Karma Yoga. Though Karma yoga requires mental function too, but here physical work is supreme. The knowledge part, observation, inference, discussions, decision between right or wrong are classified under Jnana Yoga. Bhakti yoga is happiness through emotions by complete submission on the part of individual to anybody whom he thinks devoted to. He may be God as per person’s own thinking or any individual the person finds devoted to. Physically and mentally capable persons, in a position to do socially required tasks, doing their work in best possible way, working honestly, truthfully and with a service above self motive, are supposed to pursue Karma Yoga or Jnana Yoga. Bhakti Yoga is pursued by personalities who are primarily concerned with Ishwar Pranidhana (Spiritual Quest) or who cannot take to first two paths, because of age or other reasons. Bhakti Yoga provides eternal bliss and moksha to persons who followed first two paths in their prime life and have now retired from these paths.

Some people are emotionally very loving, very affectionate. Such people find Bhakti Yoga as the supreme and Bhakti Yoga will be very helpful for them to grow very fast towards the highest achievement. Some people are great intellectuals, they have got powerful intellect. They can understand. They can see through things and their logical brain is very strong. For them the Jnana Yoga is the best. The Jnana Yoga uses that intellect to transcend itself to go the highest. There are some people who are very good at hands, doing work, any work you give immediately they are going to do that. They may not be great thinkers but they can do the work very efficiently and see that the work is done. For such people the Karma Yoga is the best. But today in the modern society we need all these dimensions; intellectually one should be very sharp, emotionally highly developed and good at work; otherwise one cannot face the challenges of the modern era of science and technology.

Dr Mahesh Chandra Panda

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , | 18 Comments

A Decade of Post Retired Life

Retd. C.D.M.O. Bargarh Orissa

It has been a time span of completing 9 eventful years and stepping into 10th year of a decade of post retired life as on March 1,2017 since I retired from the post of Chief District Medical Officer Bargarh Orissa on attaining the age of superannuation i.e. 60 years of age on February 29, 2008.

Shirdi Sai Baba

We (I & my wife Sailasuta) relocated to Gurgaon, Haryana (N.C.R. Delhi) on March 30, 2008 to stay with our son Debashish working there for better physical, mental and emotional support in our old age. I opened my Gmail account on April 15, 2008 for time to time correspondence of settlement of my post retirement dues with Govt. of Orissa and to communicate with my old friends, colleagues and relatives mostly settled in my native State Orissa. I was attracted towards spiritual philosophy of Sadguru Sai Baba in my mental, emotional and intellectual planes; and I became a Shirdi Sai devotee on October 14, 2008 during my stay at Gurgaon.

Dhrti Yoga Centre Bangalore

SVYASA Bangalore

We relocated to Bangalore, Karnataka on April 25, 2009 consequent upon acceptance of assignment of a higher job by my son. We are staying in Bangalore with our son Debashish, first daughter Shibani, son-in-law Sunil & our granddaughter Snigdha in a joint family set up since then. I resorted to Yoga practices to maintain my physical, mental, emotional and spiritual health; and I became a Yoga practitioner since July 28, 2009. I joined the classes of Yoga for Elderly persons in Dhrti Yoga Centre BTM 2nd Stage Bangalore from July 28, 2009. During the course I had the privilege to visit SVYASA (Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana) Yoga University Bangalore during the visitors programme as Yoga Practitioner, Dhrti Yoga Centre BTM 2nd Stage Bangalore. I started attending daily noon arati & Darshan in Shri Shirdi Sai Baba Anand Ashram BTM Lay out Bangalore since October 12, 2009.

Yoga and Spirituality

Nuakhai Bhet-Ghat Bangalore 2010

I started to write articles on Yoga published in website of Dhrti Yoga since March 5, 2010 and articles on Shirdi Sai Baba in website of Sai Shraddha since March 16, 2010 and in subsequent month of April 2010. I desired to express and share my thoughts on Yoga and Spirituality in writing independently as an author; and I created my own blog Yoga and Spirituality on May 2, 2010. I attended the Nuakhai Bhet-Ghat celebrated at Bangalore on September 25, 2010. I was introduced as Retd.C.D.M.O. and a Yoga Practitioner having authored a good number of articles on Yoga by nuakhaibangalore to the audience and participants. I was delighted to have the privilege of a facilitator in the felicitation program where distinguished persons from Western Orissa were honoured with felicitation. I had Darshan of Sai in Shirdi Dist. Ahmednagar Maharashtra India on November 18, 2010.

Welcome to Facebook

I registered my name as a user in social networking website Facebook on June 15, 2011. My old friends and colleagues with whom I had worked during my service became friends in Facebook. Moreover I started creating a new circle of friends world-wide through social networking in Facebook. I have been posting photo & post on inspirational quotes, Yoga and Spirituality, social events, tours & travels and Heath Magazine in News Feed and day to day management as moderator and admin of Bargarh, Budasambar groups comprising mostly Facebook users of Bargarh district Odisha and Health Bulletin group comprising mostly Health Professionals in Facebook.

Communicating in World Wide Web through Internet

I was recognized as an author rather than a doctor in World Wide Web in 2012. My friends and colleagues, tech-savvy cousins and relatives have become readers of my blog Yoga and Spirituality and Posts in Facebook through Internet. Readers of many countries throughout World read my articles posted in my blog Yoga and Spirituality as documents available for public view through Google and other search engines in Internet. I have the pleasure to mention here that readers of more than 100 countries of world from India and abroad are reading and posting comments on my articles posted in my blog website Yoga and Spirituality. A good number of friends and group members in Facebook are actively associated in posting likes, comments and sharing my photos & posts in the blog website of Facebook.

Visit to USA in 2013

Visit to UNICEF

We (I & my wife Sailasuta) visited United States of America in 2013. We stayed with our second daughter Gayatri & son-in-law Saikrishna and grandson Arnav & granddaughter Maulika residing in New York, USA from July 30, 2013 to October 1, 2013.During our stay for 64 days in USA we visited New York City, Washington D.C. & Niagara Falls. During the US trip I visited The United Nations (U.N.) Headquarters International Territory in New York City and the International Headquarters of UNICEF in the same campus. I have posted 4 articles in my blog Yoga and Spirituality published from New York, USA and posted concurrent posts and photos in Facebook during my stay in USA.

Maha Samadhi Divas Shirdi Sai 2014

Grihaprabesh GPI407 GPR Bangalore

I had the privilege to perform the spiritual rituals pertaining to observance of 96th Maha Samadhi Divas of Sri Shirdi Sai Baba on October 3, 2014 (Dasara) as principal devotee (pradhan sevak) in Palanquin Procession held in Shri Shirdi Sai Baba Anand Ashram, BTM Lay out Bangalore organised by Sri Sadguru Sainath Seva Samithi. I had my last annual trip to Odisha in November 2014.We had Grihaprabesh to Our Own New House G.P.I/ 407 in Residential Layout of Green Park Regency, Sarjapur Road Bangalore on December 15, 2014.

Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center NH Health City Bangalore

I became ill in April 2015 and my illness was diagnosed to be cancer of right upper gum at Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center NH Health City Bangalore which was operated on May 13, 2015 followed by radiotherapy completed on August 14, 2015. Cancer survivor of such case need to take care of himself and make sure that he can keep himself as comfortable as possible in day to day life especially when advised not to stress and strain mouth parts by talking much over phone with friends and relatives till structure and function of mouth back to almost normal. Moreover due to the weakness of whole body during convalescence and recovery phase one has to restrict his physical movements, even long distance and time consuming city tour. I was confined almost inside Bangalore home mentally engaged with virtual world of friends in Facebook and readers in Yoga and Spirituality through Internet in World Wide Web except some casual visits to Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Center NH Health City Bangalore for periodical check-up. I had Sai Darshan in Shri Shirdi Sai Baba Anand Ashram BTM Lay out Bangalore on September 27, 2015 Sunday in convalescence period of illness during post-surgery radiotherapy.

Green Park Carnival 2016

During 2016, I was almost confined to our Bangalore home and residential layout of Green Park Regency Sarjapur Road Bangalore. During evening walk in residential layout of Green Park Regency, I developed friendship with fellow resident & visitor senior citizens .I had Darshan of Shri Sai Baba on 98th Maha Samadhi Day of Sri Shirdi Sai Baba observed in Shri Shirdi Sai Baba Anand Ashram BTM Lay out Bangalore on October 11, 2016(Dasara) and donated funds towards Annadhana provided to poor, needy persons and devotees on the occasion in addition to donation of funds towards Ashram and Charitable Medical & Dental Clinic Management. I Installed WhatsApp in my I-Phone on October 21, 2016. It was a great pleasure to participate in Fast Walking competition of Senior Citizens held on November 19, 2016 on occasion of Green Park Carnival 2016. I also attended & enjoyed the cultural events of song, music and dance held on 2nd day of Green Park Carnival on November 20, 2016. Inside Bangalore home I have been engaged with virtual world of friends in Facebook and readers & comment authors in Yoga and Spirituality through Internet in World Wide Web. I had telephonic talk with my old colleague-cum-friend Sri Madhusudan Mahunta of Sohela almost daily and in Facebook with my friend Sri Kedarnath Sahu of Sohela Dist. Bargarh Odisha. Sri Hema Chandra Pujahari Retd. Prof English Anchal College Padampur my old friend from Padampur Dist. Bargarh Odisha met me in Bangalore on December 4, 2016. Dr Binod Bihari Naik, Surgeon from Bargarh Odisha my old colleague-cum-friend paid courtesy visit to our house in our residential layout Green Park Regency Sarjapur Road Bangalore on December 11, 2016.

Senior Citizen Forum GPR Bangalore

Consolidating the physical, mental and emotional strength gained from the previous year we the senior citizens of Green Park Regency Sarjapur Road Bangalore have formed Senior Citizens Forum with 84 years old senior most member Mr S Nair as Honorary President which has its daily evening session in 2017 in Senior Citizens Corner in the campus. The Senior Citizens Forum is Pan Indian which includes natives of South, North, East & West India and many of them have visited foreign countries like USA, England, Germany, France, UAE, Nepal, Bhutan, Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, China and Australia having international exposure. I have been intellectually supported by two of my senior citizen friends Mr Dhandapani Muthuswamy and Mr V Chandra Sekhar of our residential layout Green Park Regency Bangalore, who have become regular readers & comment authors of my blog website Yoga and Spirituality. I have also been regularly interacting with 6 active friends in Facebook and 12 mobile phone users in WhatsApp group formed and moderated by Mr Sathyanathan Gururajan as admin who are senior citizen friends residing in Green Park Regency Bangalore.

Puja Room GPI407 Bangalore home

Cancer is very invasive and destructive. So, the cancer affected person has to undergo surgery, radiation, chemotherapy as a combination of treatment as per protocol. After the patient has completed his treatment, then, his body wants to go to war with himself trying to reconstruct all the damage caused by radiation. It’s a very long painful healing process. I daily practice a little bit of Yogasana & Pranayama in Yoga room of our house and pray to God in Puja Room GPI407 Bangalore home for my early recovery & early rehabilitation as a cancer survivor living the life with spiritual philosophy, “God is more concerned with your availability than your ability”.

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | 62 Comments

Learn to Learn

Learning is a lifelong process both in terms of duration and diversity. A key element in lifelong learning is receptivity or openness. It is to retain a youthful mind even when the body continues to age. It is a mind that is ready to learn new things, relearn and improve the known things, and unlearn the outdated things. Lifelong learning also has, in a sense, a spiritual dimension. It lies in the humility to accept that there is no end to learning. When we are ready to learn and our power of receptivity is awakened, the whole world becomes a school and every life experience a teacher.

Today, technologies are rapidly evolving and changing life patterns within a lifetime. New ways of inexpensive printing, internet, and multimedia are ushering in radical changes and creating new complexities and contradictions in individual and social life. This flux in social groupings, economics, technology and Nature necessitates a regular revaluation and reframing of our thinking on education and learning. Various national and international education commissions are making serious efforts to answer such questions by redesigning the goals of education, the curriculum, and the tools of delivery.

Education is the greatest force for civilization. Passing on to the next generation the cumulative knowledge of sciences, technology, arts, fine arts, ethical values and spiritual realizations, in short the whole of civilizational heritage depends in the widest sense of education. In fact, the survival of human society depends on education. Experts in education have begun to emphasise that we should teach our children to be learners, rather than providing them occupational training, because the jobs that are available today may not exist tomorrow. Therefore, we must make learning about education itself a lifelong endeavour.

The policy makers in the field of education must themselves continue to learn and relearn their idea of education. Only then they will be able to revaluate and recognize their perspectives, priorities and practices in the education system and cater to the contemporary needs. Apart from learning to accumulate information, students must be trained in the art of inner assimilation through openness of mind, power of receptivity and above all, the humility to be lifelong learners. Studying and contemplating on the different perspectives and practices in education therefore warrants continuous effort from all thinkers and policy makers in the educational system. So let us learn to learn!

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , | 19 Comments

Clarion Call of Swami Vivekananda to Awake and Arise

Swami Vivekananda in his clarion call to those who are weak said, “Tell it to men who are weak and persist in telling it. You are the Pure One; awake and arise, O mighty one, this sleep does not become you. Awake and arise, it does not benefit you. Think not that you are weak and miserable. Almighty, arise and awake, and manifest your own nature. It is not fitting that you think yourself a sinner. It is not fitting that you think yourself weak. Say to the world, say it to yourselves, and see what a practical result comes, see how with an electric flash everything is manifested, how everything is changed. Tell that to mankind, and show them their power. Then we shall learn how to apply it in our daily lives”.

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , | 19 Comments

Adhyatmikta, Spirituality deals with Atman, Spirit.

Adhyatmikta, spirituality, means that which deals with ‘what is within man’-the atman. It deals with Spirit or Self or atman which is divine, holy and immortal. Spirituality, thus, is the process of manifestation of this inherent divinity and holiness. Spirituality is the method through which one learns, and succeeds, in overcoming his lower nature which is characterised by attachment, greed, lust, egoism, jealousy and so on. With his mind transformed by spiritual practices such as prayer, worship, japa, dhyana, reading scriptures, chanting of hymns, singing of bhajans, seva, selfless action, and so on, a spiritual aspirant succeeds in attenuating his lower nature. When one`s lower nature is subdued, one`s higher nature reflects divinity in all his actions.

It depends on the individual which goal he is looking to achieve: one that relates to the physical body (materialism) or the other one that relates to the Self or Spirit (spirituality). It is the mind which is the guiding light in our spiritual quest. We should look upon it as a great fortune that for some reason or other, if our mind possesses an attraction for the higher goal of spirituality. Of course, we have to steadily proceed in our spiritual quest with perseverance to achieve the spiritual goal.

An individual born into this world is supposed to live for fulfilling four objectives which are called purusharthas in our scriptures. These are dharma, artha, kama and moksha. Dharma is learning the righteous ways of living; artha is earning one`s living; kama is fulfilling one`s legitimate desires by honest and righteous means. Moksha, the last and the spiritual objective is to be perceived by exploring spirituality to seek who, how and why of creation; and find out the way of spirit within self known as soul to finally merge with the supreme soul so that it need not come back to same world again.

We can only be able to experience the feelings, moods and essence of freedom in spirituality. We seek spiritual freedom to be aware of atman.

Dr.Mahesh Chandra Panda

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , | 18 Comments

Cultured Individuals Build Cultured Society

The English word ‘culture’ is derived from the Latin term cult or cultus, meaning ‘tilling, care, refinement and worship’ which means cultivating and refining a thing or subject matter to such an extent that its end product evokes our admiration and respect.

Social aspect of culture is basically influenced by association of individuals with their own family members. Though this association is taken to be granted, it has become very necessary to bring about a sense of togetherness and cohesion within a family as such cohesion is almost absent now-a-days in most of the families due to mechanical way of life. The secret of good human relationship with others is unselfish love and genuine consideration for the needs and feelings of others with sense of responsibility and duty towards others. The act ‘charity that begins at home’ need be gradually extended to the neighbours, friends and relatives as also other people, leading ultimately to the highest ideal of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam ( the whole world is my family ).

It is natural that a cultured and refined individual will easily succeed in his efforts to build a cultured society at being in harmony with the other members of the society for the very reason that he is a cultured and refined individual.

Dr. Mahesh Chandra Panda

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , | 18 Comments

Akarma or Inaction as Ultimate Nishkama or Selfless-action

Karma means willed action. Akarma is inaction. Vikarma is action that is prohibited. Karma may be nithya karma which is action that has to be performed every day, naimithyaka karma is that to be performed which is specific for person concerned, kamya karmas those are optional with a specific fruit in view and nishkama karmas are those actions that are performed without any personal benefit or authorship, as a sacrifice for the general good of others.

When a karma yogi does his duty with selfless attitude, his duty is determined by the rational insight in perfect harmony with the soul. A karma yogi rises from the level of rational insight to spiritual insight. He makes a paradigm shift from selfishness to selflessness. He becomes endowed with a unique perception of inaction which means, “He who sees no work in work, and work in no work, he is wise among men” (Bhagavad Gita 4.18).

Akarma or inaction invariably involves selfless work for universal welfare. Akarma is not non-action but action soaked in jnana, in the knowledge of the Self it is no longer a work. A person who has attained that state works without any desire and he has his senses and mind under perfect control. He understands that though he does his duties, it is not the real Self that acts rather the Self is in state of akarma or inaction. One who knows the truth that one is not an agent of the works that he is doing is freed and he only knows how to work.

One does not get inner peace and joy by escaping from action or doing it badly but by doing it well, rising from kamya karma to that of akarma darshana [ literally, ‘seeing inaction’ ] through nishkama karma. Doing work in state of akarma or inaction of Self, a person is freed from boredom, stress and strain of work and he becomes established in his divine nature involved in selfless work for universal welfare.

Dr Mahesh Chandra Panda

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , | 20 Comments